Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) which is the most common one among others and this form of the disease is a bacterial infection. The infection is transmitted from an infected person to a healthy person by performing sexual intercourse either through the vagina, anus or mouth. Its means of transmission are through men’s semen and pre-cum and discharges from the vagina for women. Parts of the body that will be affected once chlamydia is acquired are the penis, anus, urethra, cervix, vagina, eyes and throat.
Because chlamydia is a bacterial infection, the main medication used to treat it are antibiotics. The problem you’ll only face with this form of illness is that it’s asymptomatic. It would be so difficult to know if you’ve been infected not until you’ll have it checked. It can become even worse as it could cause major health problems, not only to you but also on your partner too. It is crucial that your partner and you should have yourselves tested to begin treatment as early as possible. It would be very difficult to treat the illness when it’s already severe.
Getting in contact with an infected person by touching eye fluid, can still possibly be a cause for chlamydia infection but it is very rare to happen. However, chlamydia can be transferred to infants through normal delivery childbirth as the child will pass through the vagina allowing the child to be exposed to vaginal fluids. The infection is contagious only when you are engaged in sexual intercourse. Always remember that any fluid that comes from reproductive organs can transmit chlamydia.
Chlamydia Symptoms for Women
Women who are infected with chlamydia do not show any signs and symptoms. As mentioned earlier, it is not difficult to treat chlamydia when spotted. It is only difficult because it’s asymptomatic. The only way it can be spotted is by having it tested.
Symptoms may occur a few weeks after being infected with chlamydia if women were to have symptoms of chlamydia. Symptoms that women may experience are inflammation of the cervix, pain during urination, unusual vaginal discharges, pain in the abdomen, bloody discharge even when it is still in between periods and experiencing pain when having sexual intercourse.
Aside from chlamydia, women may acquire an illness called pelvic inflammatory disease or PID when it has been left untreated. This form of illness occurs when the bacteria have reached the fallopian tubes. Women can possibly experience the same symptoms as men when the transmission of the infection are through anal or oral sex.
Chlamydia Symptoms for Men
As with women, the illness is mostly asymptomatic. But if in case men will manifest symptoms, they would probably not notice such. Symptoms that they would possibly experience are yellow colored discharges from the penis, pain during urination, testicles are in pain and pain in the abdomen. These symptoms could possibly occur a few weeks after being infected with chlamydia. If men received transmission of infection through oral sex, you will experience sore throat, fever, and coughing. If it were received through anal sex, you may experience having abnormal discharges in the anus or worse, blood in the anus, and pain around the anus.
Causes of Chlamydia
Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis. C. trachomatis is known to be a common bacterial infection that is sexually transmitted. It is dangerous for a person to be infected with this bacterium because it attacks the essential organs of the body. It can even cause damages that are permanent whenever the illness is left untreated for a considerable amount of time. Its effects are more focused on the reproductive system of the body.
However, there are also a lot of circumstances where a person will not be infected with the virus. An example of this would be swimming in the same swimming pool with an infected person. You will not acquire the infection if you seat on the toilet seat used by an infected person. You will also not get infected when an infected person sneezed or coughed near you and touching that which was touched by a person infected with chlamydia.
Treatments for Chlamydia
Let’s just say that you have already been tested and you were diagnosed positive of chlamydia just before it progressed into a more serious health problem. This is the easier part, treating the infection. Antibiotics are normally used for treating bacterial infections. For the first medication, your doctor may prescribe you with Azithromycin with a dosage of 500 mg IV on the first couple of days, then the same drug with a dose of 250 mg will be taken orally once a day for the next 4 days. The doctor may also prescribe you with a different type of antibiotic which is Doxycycline. Doxycycline is normally prescribed for treating chlamydia and is taken 2 times a day for seven days.
Other than the two antibiotics, there are other forms of antibiotics that might be prescribed. Please remember that it is important to only take antibiotics as prescribed by the doctor and to strictly follow as prescribed, without skipping.
It is also not advisable for patients to have sexual intercourse with their partners while they are having their treatment because you might get infected with chlamydia again which make thing complicated. As mentioned earlier, treating chlamydia is easy and quick, but preventing yourself from having one is much more important.
Aside from using antibiotics, there are alternative ways to treat symptoms of chlamydia. It does not completely cure the illness but can help relieve the symptoms of the disease. First alternative medication is Goldenseal. Goldenseal is also called as orangeroot, which is an herb that contains properties that reduce inflammation. Another alternative medication is Coneflower. This medication is also called Echinacea and it is a form of alternative medicine used to boost the immune system. However, even with all their amazing benefits, there have been no studies to substantiate the claims about relieving the symptoms.
How to Prevent Chlamydia Infection?
Knowing that chlamydia can be acquired by getting in contact with reproductive fluids, the best way to prevent chlamydia infection is by not having any form of sexual intercourse. There are some people who can’t avoid not having sex. For these people, like couples, preventive practices such as using dental dams when performing oral sex or condoms when doing vaginal or anal sex, will somehow significantly decrease the chances of acquiring the illness.
STI testing must be done regularly, especially for those who constantly have sexual intercourse with their partners. If you tested positive for STI, remain calm and don’t panic. You must see your doctor for you to be able to start treatment and get rid of chlamydia.